White Papers

Organizational MOC: Case Study at a Large Energy Company - April 2016

This paper focuses on an Organizational Management of Change (OMOC) initiative implemented at a large energy company with PSM covered processes. It describes the risks associated with both personnel and structural changes and the mitigation strategies employed.

Small Site MOC: Big Company Challenges without Big Company Resources - May 2013

This paper focuses on the challenges of improving the MOC business process at small sites. An MOC improvement initiative generally involves improving the MOC business process, and then assisting with some form of technological automation.

MOC Work-in-Process Documentation - Best Practices - Oct. 2012

This paper conducts a critical review of the various techniques for managing work-in-process documentation for MOCs and presents specific recommendations on best practices for MOC-WIP document management. Examples from actual installed systems are presented.

Quantitative Models for Assessing MOC Performance - Mar. 2011

This paper describes conceptual and computational models of the MOC business process, which provide a platform for quantitative assessments of various parameters such as effort, duration, cost, and so on. An MOC Standard Model is developed and validated. This provides a benchmark against which MOC alternatives can be measured. The characteristics of the MOC Standard Model provide guidance for policy decisions that are immediately applicable by practitioners wishing to create or improve their MOC processes.

Expediting Workflow Approvals - Jan. 2009

One of the key features of electronic systems is the ability to send out reminders when an approval has not been completed in the expected time. This white paper discusses how frequently reminders be sent out.

Successful eMOC Initiatives - May 2008

This white paper discusses the benefits of taking an integrated approach that combines MOC process & MOC product analysis.

MOC's As A Corporate Record - March 2008

This white paper discusses several important issues regarding the management of MOC's as corporate records. Key issues include:retention periods, electronic MOC systems, file formats and planning for obsolescence.

MOC Data Content - January 2008

In this white paper Dr. Rainer Hoff looks at MOC Data Content. An MOC has a minimum amount of information that is needed to satisfy regulators. But, an MOC should contain much more data, in order to make the change management process efficient.

MOC Lifecycles - December 2007

In this white paper Dr. Rainer Hoff introduces the importance of the MOC Lifecycle in the application of Best Practices. The author provides several examples for consideration including: Full-Permanent/Temporary, Short-Permanent/Temporary, Emergency, Urgent and Follow-up.

MOC Best Practices - May 2007

This white paper introduces Dr. Rainer Hoff's research in the domain of establishing the best practice for Management of Change (MOC). The author has condensed data collected at numerous sites and reviewed dozens of existing MOC practices.